This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.


Events

  • 630 Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem
  • 717 Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid
  • 1188 Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku
  • 1349 Between 100 and 3,000 Jews are killed in Black Death riots in Efurt, Germany
  • 1413 Henry of Monmouth, Prince of Wales, becomes King Henry V of England
  • 1681 3rd Exclusion Parliament meets in London
  • 1702 Queen Anne addresses English parliament
  • 1788 Fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1788 Olaudah Equiano (aka Gustavus Vassa), a freed slave, petitions King George III and Queen Charlotte, to free enslaved Africans
  • 1791 Captain Hopley Yeaton becomes 1st commissioned officer in the Revenue Marine, later the Revenue Cutter Service, the forerunner of the modern US Coast Guard
  • 1804 Napoleonic Code adopted in France, stresses clearly written and accessible law
  • 1821 First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1824 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses
  • 1844 Origin of Baha'i Era-Baha'i calendar starts here (Baha 1, 1)
  • 1844 The original date predicted by William Miller of Massachusetts for the return of Christ and the end of the world
  • 1859 Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh
  • 1859 Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 1860 US extradition treaty with Sweden
  • 1863 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • 1864 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
  • 1865 Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman
  • 1866 US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
  • 1868 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC
  • 1871 33rd Grand National: Irish 1868 winner The Lamb claims second GN at 11/2; ridden by Tommy Pickernell
  • 1872 34th Grand National: John Page wins his second GN aboard 20/1 shot Casse Tete
  • 1885 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • 1888 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • 1890 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • 1899 British & French accord over West Africa
  • 1902 64th Grand National: David Read aboard 20/1 chance Shannon Lass wins by 3 lengths from Matthew
  • 1907 US sends troops to Honduras to halt the Nicaraguan army takeover
  • 1909 Moran & MacFarland (US) wins Europe's 1st 6 day bicycle race (Berlin)
  • 1909 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1913 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400
  • 1914 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • 1914 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
  • 1916 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
  • 1917 Loretta Walsh becomes US Navy's 1st female Petty Officer
  • 1918 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • 1921 Walter Kerr Theater (Ritz, CBS, NBC, ABC) opens at 223 W 48th St NYC
  • 1922 KGW-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition
  • 1924 1st foreign language course broadcast on US radio (WJZ, NYC)
  • 1924 Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US
  • 1925 Edinburgh's Murreyfield Stadium officially opens
  • 1925 Iran adopts Khorshidi solar Hijri calendar
  • 1925 Tennessee governor Austin Peay passes the "Butler Act," making Tennessee the 1st state to outlaw teaching theory of evolution (repealed 1967)
  • 1925 The Butler Act, a Tennessee statute, is enacted prohibiting the teaching of evolution
  • 1927 Guomindang Army conquers Shanghai as British marines flee
  • 1931 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
  • 1931 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1931 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • 1934 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
  • 1935 Jean Anouilh's "Y avait un presonnier" premieres in Paris
  • 1935 Persia is officially renamed Iran
  • 1937 Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
  • 1939 Nazi Germany demands the return of Danzig (Gdańsk) from Poland
  • 1942 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • 1943 Assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler fails
  • 1943 Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.
  • 1945 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
  • 1945 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • 1945 Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
  • 1946 Kenny Washington signs with Rams, 1st black NFLer since 1933
  • 1946 UN set up temporary HQ at Hunter (now Lehman) College (Bronx)
  • 1947 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgens radiatur
  • 1947 Test Cricket debut of Bert Sutcliffe, NZ v England at Christchurch
  • 1948 "Stop the Music" with Bert Parks premieres on ABC radio
  • 1949 WTVJ TV channel 4 in Miami, FL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1951 2,900,000 US soldiers in Korea
  • 1952 "3 Wishes for Jamie" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 94 performances
  • 1952 -22] Tornadoes in Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Mississippi, Alabama and Kentucky cause 343 deaths
  • 1952 Alan Freed presents Moondog Coronation Ball at old Cleveland Arena, 25,000 attend 1st rock & roll concert ever
  • 1953 NBA record 106 fouls & 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse)
  • 1953 England beats Scotland, 26-8 at Twickenham, London to clinch their 14th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1954 KFBB TV channel 5 in Great Falls, MT (ABC/CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desires Cyprus to join Greece
  • 1955 Brooklyn Bulletin ask Dodger fans not to call their team "Bums"
  • 1958 1st presentation of West Point's Sylvanus Thayer Award
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1959 "Juno" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • 1959 21st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: California beats W Va 71-70
  • 1959 113th Grand National: Michael Scudamore wins aboard 8/1 second favourite Oxo; only 4 of 32 starters finish the race
  • 1960 Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 72 in South Africa & outlaws ANC
  • 1961 Art Modell purchases Cleveland Browns for then record ($3,925,000)
  • 1961 The Beatles' first appearance at the Cavern Club in Liverpool
  • 1962 Yogi the bear becomes the 1st creature to be ejected at supersonic speeds by the US military testing ejection seats
  • 1962 Dutch RC bishop Beckers declares himself in favor of birth control
  • 1962 Philadelphia retires pitcher Robin Roberts' # 36
  • 1963 Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay is closed
  • 1963 David Hendon & Douglas Cross' musical premieres in London
  • 1964 26th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Duke 98-83
  • 1964 Beatles' single "She Loves You" goes #1 in the US & stays #1 for 2 weeks
  • 1964 UCLA completes undefeated NCAA basketball season (30-0)
  • 1964 118th Grand National: Willie Robinson aboard American-owned 12-year-old Team Spirit wins at odds of 18/1
  • 1964 9th Eurovision Song Contest: Gigliola Cinquetti for Italy wins singing "Non ho l'eta" in Copenhagen
  • 1964 Wales draws 11-11 with France in Cardiff, whilst Scotland beats England, 15-6 at Murrayfield to leave the Five Nations Rugby Championship shared by Wales and Scotland on 6 competition points
  • 1965 US Ranger 9 launched; takes 5,814 pictures before lunar impact
  • 1966 US Supreme Court reverses Massachusetts ruling that "Fanny Hill" is obscene
  • 1968 "Royals" chosen as the name of new KC AL franchise
  • 1968 Hill, Hawkins & Coghill's musical premieres in London
  • 1968 Israeli forces cross Jordan River to attack PLO bases
  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 32nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Jacksonville 80-69
  • 1970 Vinko Bogataj crashes during a ski-jumping championship in Germany; his image becomes that of the "agony of defeat guy" in the opening credits of ABC's Wide World of Sports.
  • 1970 1st San Diego Comic-Con International opens at U.S. Grant Hotel
  • 1970 15th Eurovision Song Contest: Dana for Ireland wins singing "All Kinds of Everything" in Amsterdam
  • 1971 Gavaskar scores 1st of his 34 Test Cricket tons, 116 at Georgetown
  • 1971 Vermont seasonal snowfall totals 132.2"
  • 1971 WCPB TV channel 28 in Salisbury, MD (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 US Supreme Court rules states can't require 1-yr residency to vote
  • 1974 Attempt made to kidnap Princess Anne in London's Pall Mall
  • 1975 Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years
  • 1978 Padres fire Al Dark (2nd manager ever fired during spring training)
  • 1978 San Francisco passes its and the U.S.' most comprehensive homosexual rights bill
  • 1979 Egyptian Parliament unanimously approve peace treaty with Israel
  • 1980 On TV show "Dallas", J.R. is shot
  • 1981 France beats England 16-12 at Twickenham, London for it's 7th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship and 3rd Grand Slam title
  • 1982 "Little Johnny Jones" opens & closes at Alvin Theater NYC
  • 1982 Jerry Pate celebrates golf win by jumping into the water hazard
  • 1982 Movie "Annie" directed by John Huston, starring Aileen Quinn, Albert Finney and Carol Burnett premieres
  • 1982 PGA Tournament Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Jerry Pate shoots a final round 67 to win by 2 strokes over runners-up Scott Simpson and Brad Bryant
  • 1983 Only known typo on Time Magazine cover (control=contol), all recalled
  • 1984 Border scores 100* v WI Trinidad after 98* in 1st cricket innings
  • 1984 NFL owners passed the infamous anti-celebrating rule
  • 1984 Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan
  • 1985 Bloodbath at Langa (Uitenhage) South-Africa, 19 killed
  • 1986 199.22 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Kania skates ladies world record 500 m (39.52 sec) & 3 km (4:18.02)
  • 1986 Pittsburgh Associates buy Pittsburgh Pirates for $218 million
  • 1987 PSV sells soccer player Ruud Gullit to AC Milan (Ÿ17 million)
  • 1987 France beats Ireland, 19-13 at Lansdowne Road, Dublin the clinch the outright Five Nations Rugby Championship for the 8th time and 4th Grand Slam title
  • 1989 1st sea test of Trident 2 missile self-destructs, Cape Canaveral, Florida
  • 1990 "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 149 performances
  • 1990 "Normal Life" starring Moon Unit & Dweezil Zappa premieres on CBS-TV
  • 1990 "Sydney" starring Valerie Bertinelli premieres on CBS-TV
  • 1990 Namibia becomes independent of South Africa, Sam Nujoma becomes president
  • 1991 27 lost at sea when 2 US Navy anti-submarine planes collide
  • 1991 Largest wrestling crowd in Japan (64,500) at Tokyo Dome
  • 1991 Tatsumi Fujinami beats Ric Flair for NWA wrestling championship
  • 1991 UN Security Council panel decided to lift the food embargo on Iraq
  • 1992 2nd WLAF season begins
  • 1992 Pakistan scores 6-264 to overhaul NZ in exciting World Cup semi
  • 1993 South Africa White Wolves kill 5 year old black girl
  • 1994 Anne P Sidamon-Eristoff named chairwoman of Museum of National History
  • 1994 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) enters into force after being ratified by the required number of nations
  • 1995 NYC agrees to sell its 2 owned radio stations (WNYC AM & FM)
  • 1996 "Night of the Iguana" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 68 performances
  • 1997 Ice Dance Championship in Lausanne, Switzerland won by Oksana Grishuk & Evgeny Platov (Rus)
  • 1999 Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.
  • 2000 NSYNC release their 4th studio album “No Strings Attached” (2000 Billboard Album of the Year)
  • 2002 In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
  • 2002 Schoolgirl Amanda Dowler is abducted in broad daylight on her way home from Heathside School in Walton-on-Thames, England
  • 2004 In Malaysia, the 11th Federal and State elections are held, returning the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional to power with an increased majority.
  • 2006 Immigrant workers constructing the Burj Dubayy in Dubai, The United Arab Emirates and a new terminal of Dubai International Airport join together and riot, causing $1M in damage.
  • 2009 Ireland completes a Grand Slam with a 17-15 win over Wales at Millennium Stadium, Cardiff to win the Six Nations Rugby Championship
  • 2012 Five former Guatemalan paramilitaries are sentenced to 7,710 years in jail for their role in the Plan de Sanchez massacre in 1982
  • 2012 Greek Parliament votes in favour of an international bailout deal
  • 2012 Sergio Agüero & Samir Nasri score to give Manchester City 2-1 win over Chelsea at City of Manchester Stadium; EPL record 20th consecutive home win; streak ends with 3-3 draw v Sunderland 31/3
  • 2013 12 people are killed and 30 are injured by a car bombing in Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2013 42 people are killed and 84 are injured by a bombing in a mosque in Damascus, Syria
  • 2013 At least 45 people drown and 60 are missing after a Nigerian boat sinks off the shore of Gabon
  • 2013 24 people are killed and 100 are injured by a tornado and hail storm in southern China
  • 2013 A barter dispute loses control and results in 10 people being killed, 20 injured, and 4 mosques being burnt to the ground in Myanmar
  • 2013 The European Space Agency reveals new data that indicates that the universe is 13.82 billion years old
  • 2013 Martin Gould defeats Ali Carter to win the snooker 2013 Championship League
  • 2014 Russia formally annexes Crimea amid international condemenation
  • 2015 Ireland retains Six Nations Rugby Championship with 40-10 win over Scotland at Murrayfield; England needs 26 point win over France for title but can only beat Les Bleus, 55-35 at Twickenham
  • 2017 Singer Wyclef Jean wrongly identified as a suspect, handcuffed and detained by LA county sheriff’s department
  • 2018 Nigerian government confirms 101 out of 110 schoolgirls kidnapped from Dapchi returned
  • 2018 English TV presenter Ant McPartlin charged with drink driving following an accident in London
  • 2018 African trade deal agreed by 44 African countries in Kigali, Rwanda
  • 2018 Peru's President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski offers his resignation amid vote-buying scandal
  • 2018 Palestinian teenager Ahed Tamimi accepts plea deal for 8 months in prison after slapping Israeli officer
  • 2018 Suicide bomber kills 31 in crowd celebrating Persian New Year in Kabul, Afghanistan

Births

  • 1466 French van Brederode, leader Hoeksen
  • 1474 Angela Merici, Italian monastery founder/saint
  • 1521 Maurice, Duke and later Elector of Saxony (1547-53), (d. 1553)
  • 1527 Hermann Finck, German composer, born in Pirna (d. 1558)
  • 1624 Francois Roberday, composer
  • 1642 Georg Schmezer, German composer and musician, born in Augsburg (d. 1697)
  • 1708 Caspar Ruetz, German composer, born in Wismar (d. 1755)
  • 1713 Francis Lewis, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1716 Josef Ferdinand Norbert Seger, composer
  • 1763 Jean Paul, German romantic writer (Titan), born in Wunsiedel, Franconia (d. 1825)
  • 1765 Henry Fagel, Dutch/English baron/diplomat
  • 1768 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier, mathematician/Egyptologist
  • 1779 Alexis Garaude, composer
  • 1801 Maria Theresa of Tuscany, Queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • 1806 Benito Pablo Juarez, president of Mexico (1858-72), born in Oaxaca, Mexico
  • 1811 Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)
  • 1813 James Jesse Strang, King of Mormons on Beaver Is, MI (1850-56)
  • 1820 Frank Mori, English composer, born in London (d. 1873)
  • 1835 Thomas Hayward, English cricketer (d. 1876)
  • 1836 Jesus Monasterio, composer
  • 1839 Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Karevo, Russian composer (Boris Gudunov, Night on Bald Mt) [NS]
  • 1854 Alick A C Bannerman, cricketer (bro of Charles, Australia 1878-1893)
  • 1863 Hugo Kaun, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1932)
  • 1863 George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d. 1934)
  • 1865 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian and politician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • 1866 Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury, astronomer
  • 1869 Florenz Ziegfeld, producer (Ziegfield Follies)
  • 1876 John Tewksbury, American athlete (d. 1968)
  • 1878 Thurlow Weed Lieurance, composer
  • 1880 Hans Hofmann, German/US painter (Search for the Real)
  • 1880 Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist
  • 1880 Broncho Billy Anderson, American actor and the 1st cowboy in a movie (The Great Train, The Lucky Dog), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1971)
  • 1881 Hermann Sandby, composer
  • 1883 Jules van Nuffel, composer
  • 1884 George D Birkhoff, American mathematician (Aesthetic measure)
  • 1887 Edwin Scharff, German "entartet" painter/sculptor
  • 1889 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat and genealogist, born in Vienna (d. 1965)
  • 1891 Jonathan Hale, actor (Saint's Double Trouble, Saint Strikes Back)
  • 1893 Geoffrey Dearmer, poet
  • 1895 Zlatko Baloković, Croatian violinist (d. 1955)
  • 1900 Eugenie Leontovitch, Russian actress (Homicidal, The Rains of Ranchipur), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1993)
  • 1900 Paul Klecki/Kletzki, Polish violinist/composer/conductor
  • 1901 Carmelita Geraghty, American actress (My Best Girl, Texas Ranger), born in Rushville, Indiana (d. 1966)
  • 1901 Richard Leslie Hill, historian
  • 1901 Karl Arnold, German politician (d. 1958)
  • 1902 Carl Jaffe, German actor (1st Man in Space, Escapement), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1902 Eddie James "Son" House, folk blues musician (Delta Blues)
  • 1902 William Downie Forrest, journalist
  • 1904 Nikolaos Skalkottas, composer
  • 1904 Forrest Mars Sr., American candymaker (d. 1999)
  • 1905 Phyllis McGinley, American poet (Pulitzer 1961, Love Letters)
  • 1906 John D. Rockefeller III, billionaire philanthropist (oil)
  • 1906 Jim Thompson, American designer and businessman
  • 1910 Nick Castle, American choreographer (Dinah Shore, Judy Garland), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1968)
  • 1910 M S Khan, Bangladeshi intellectual (d. 1978)
  • 1911 John Paxton, screenwriter (On The Beach, Kotch, Farewell My Lovely)
  • 1912 Peter Bull, British actor and author (The African Queen, Tom Jones, Dr Strangelove), born in London, England (d. 1984)
  • 1913 George Ghita Ionescu, academic
  • 1913 Max Youngstein, American producer (United Artists), born in NYC, New York
  • 1913 George Abecassis, English race car driver (d. 1991)
  • 1914 Herman Siles Zuazo, politician
  • 1914 Paul Tortelier, composer
  • 1917 Frank Hardy, Australian author (d. 1994)
  • 1918 Joe Carveth, NHL forward (scored 20 or more goals in 3 seasons)
  • 1919 Geoffrey Pinnington, journalist
  • 1919 Lois Collier [Madelyn Earle Jones], American actress (A Night in Casablanca, Boston Blackie, Slave Girl), born in Salley, South Carolina (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Bruno Maderna, composer [or Apr 21]
  • 1920 Georg Ots, Estonian singer (d. 1975)
  • 1920 Manolis Chiotis, Greek bouzouki virtuoso and song writer (d. 1970)
  • 1921 Joe Sutter, American engineer and head of the Boeing 747 program, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2016)
  • 1921 Antony Hopkins, composer
  • 1921 Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist
  • 1921 Logan Ramsey, American actor (Head, Joy Sticks, Say Yes), born in Long Beach, California (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Abdul Salam Arif, Iraqi politician and President of Iraq (1963-66), born in Baghdad, Mandatory Iraq (d. 1966)
  • 1922 Russ Meyer, American film director (Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill!), born in San Leandro, California (d. 2004)
  • 1923 Mort Lindsey, orchestra leader (Merv Griffin Show), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1923 Shri Mataji Nirmala Srivastava, Founder of Sahaja Yoga
  • 1924 Philip Abbott, American character actor (The FBI, Sweet Bird of Youth), born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1998)
  • 1924 Karl Heinz Fussl, composer
  • 1925 John E Grotberg, (Rep-R-IL, 1985-86)
  • 1925 Peter Brook, director (1776)/TV writer, born in London, England
  • 1925 Hugo Koblet, Swiss cyclist (d. 1964)
  • 1926 Andre Delvaux, Heverie Belgium, director/writer (Benvenuta)
  • 1926 Virginia Weidler, American child actress (Babes on Broadway, All This & Heaven Too), born in Hollywood, California (d. 1968)
  • 1927 Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German Minister of Foreign Affairs (FDP), worked to re-unify Germany, born in Reideburg (d. 2016)
  • 1928 Evelyn Ruth Anderson, composer
  • 1928 James W Kinnear, CEO (Texaco), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1928 Peter Hacks, German playwright (Tie Windloch)
  • 1929 Maurice Catarcio, wrestler
  • 1930 James Coco, American character actor and singer (Only When I Laugh, Man of La Mancha, Murder by Death), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1931 Ivan William Hannaford, sociologist
  • 1932 Joseph Silverstein, American violinist, concertmaster and conductor (Boston Symphony Orchestra), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1933 John Hall, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1933 Michael Heseltine, UK Secretary of State for Defence (1986)/MP
  • 1934 Al Freeman Jr, Tx, actor (One Life to Live, My Sweet Charlie), (d. 2012)
  • 1934 Lister Carney, Bellaire Oh, 200m runner (Olympic silver 1960)
  • 1935 Brian Clough, soccer manager
  • 1935 Hubert Fichte, German writer, born in Perleberg (d. 1986)
  • 1936 Marek Stachowski, composer
  • 1936 Ed Broadbent, Canadian politician
  • 1937 Tom Flores, NFL quarterback and coach (Raiders), born in Fresno, California
  • 1938 Grahame Thomas, cricketer (Australian batsman of the mid-60's)
  • 1938 Wilf Corrigan, English/US electronic manufacturer (LSI Logic)
  • 1939 Kathleen Widdoes, actress (Without a Trace), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1939 Martha Hudson, Eastman Ga, 4X100m relayer (Olympic gold 1960)
  • 1940 Solomon Burke, American singer
  • 1941 Dirk D Frimout, Belgian cosmonaut
  • 1941 Malcolm Francke, cricketer (leg-spinner, Ceylon 1956 to Qld 1984)
  • 1942 Ali Abdullah Saleh, Yemeni politician and 1st President of Yemen (1990-2012), born in Bait el-Ahmar, Kingdom of Yemen (d. 2017)
  • 1943 Antal Dunai, Hungarian soccer player (Olympic gold 1968)
  • 1943 Vivian Stanshall, songwriter/comic
  • 1943 Hartmut Haenchen, German conductor
  • 1944 Charles Edward Greene, Pine Bluff Ark, 4x100m runner (Olympic gold 1968)
  • 1944 Henrik Colding-Jorgensen, composer
  • 1944 Jamary Oliveira, composer
  • 1944 Marie-Christine Barrault, actress (Stardust Memories), born in Paris, France
  • 1944 David Lindley, American musician (The Kaleidoscope), born in San Marino, California
  • 1945 Rosemary Stone, vocalist/pianist (Sly & Family Stone-Everyday People)
  • 1945 Vernon Guy, US gospel singer (Cool Sounds, Sharpees)
  • 1946 Ray Dorset, rocker (Cold Blue Excursion)
  • 1946 Timothy Dalton, Welsh actor (James Bond), born in Colwyn Bay, Wales
  • 1947 Franco Mussida, Italian progessive rock musician (Premiata Forneria Marconi), born in Milan
  • 1949 Eddie Money, [Mahoney], singer/guitarist (Take Me Home Tonight), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1949 Alvin Kallicharran, West Indian cricket batsman (66 Tests 1972-81 @ 44.43), born in Port Mourant, British Guiana
  • 1949 Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian sociologist, philosopher and cultural critic, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 1950 Roger Hodgson, rock vocalist (Supertramp-It's Raining Again)
  • 1951 Russell Thompkins Jr, US soul singer (Stylistics-Sing Baby Sing)
  • 1952 Chris O'Connell, rocker
  • 1953 Carl Wolfson, comedian (Thicke of the Night), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1953 Shotgun Johnson [Robert], rock drummer (KC & the Sunshine Band-Give it Up)
  • 1954 Mary Jane Smith, Van Nuys Ca, WPVA volleyballer (National-9th-1993)
  • 1955 Barbel Wockel-Eckert, German DR, sprinter (Olympic-4 gold-1976, 80)
  • 1955 Jean Marie Hon, actress (Jane-Man From Atlantis), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1956 Ingrid Kristiansen, Norwegian marathoner (Olympic-4th-1984, Bost-86, 89)
  • 1957 Sabrina Le Beauf, actress (Sondra-Crosby Show), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1958 Brad Hall, comedian (SNL), born in Santa Barbara, California
  • 1958 Gary Oldman, English actor (Sid & Nancy, The Darkest Hour), born in London, England
  • 1958 Marlies Göhr, East German sprinter (Olympic gold 100m relay 1976, 80, World Champion 100m 1983), born in Gera, Germany
  • 1959 Sarah Jane Morris, English singer, born in Southampton, England
  • 1959 Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese composer
  • 1960 Guy Chadwick, English singer/songwriter (House of Love)
  • 1960 Robert Sweet, American drummer
  • 1961 Slim Jim Phantom, [Jim McDonnell], American rock drummer (Stray Cats), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1961 Kassie Wesley, Ky, actress (Evil Dead 2, Blair-One Life to Live)
  • 1961 Wei Wang, US table tennis player (Olympics 1996), born in Beijing, China
  • 1961 Shawn Lane, American guitar virtuoso (d. 2003)
  • 1961 Lothar Matthäus, German footballer
  • 1962 Mark Waid, American comic book writer
  • 1963 Ronald Koeman, Dutch soccer star (Ajax, PSV, Barcelona, Feyenoord)
  • 1963 Sharon June Howe Pederson, Glencoe Mn, rocker (Vixen-Rev It Up)
  • 1963 Shawon Dunston, infielder (SF Giants), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1964 Ahmed Radhi, Iraqi international football star
  • 1964 Jesper Skibby, Danish professional cyclist
  • 1965 Xavier Bertrand, French politician
  • 1966 Al Iafrate, American NHL defenseman (799 career NHL games, 152 goals, 311 assists for 463 points), born in Dearborn, Michigan
  • 1966 Karen Lunn, Cowra Australia, LPGA golfer (1993 Women's British Open)
  • 1966 Matthew Maynard, cricketer (big hitting Glamorgan & England player)
  • 1967 Elaina Oden, Orange CA, volleyball middle blocker (Olympic bronze 1992, 96)
  • 1967 Troy Westwood, CFL kicker (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
  • 1967 Jonas "Joker" Berggren, Swedish musician (Ace of Base)
  • 1967 Adrian Chiles, British television and radio presenter
  • 1967 Maxim Reality, British MC (The Prodigy)
  • 1968 Erwin Vanderbroeck, Dutch soccer player (Roda JC)
  • 1968 Jeff Lazaro, Waltham Mass, US hockey forward (Olympics 1994)
  • 1968 Johan Garpenlov, NHL left wing (Florida Panthers), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1968 Mark Sander, WLAF linebacker (Scottish Claymores)
  • 1968 Scott Williams, NBA forward (Philadelphia 76ers)
  • 1968 DJ Premier (Preemo), hip hop producer
  • 1969 Mark Allen, Australia, Australian golfer
  • 1969 Ali Daei, Iranian footballer
  • 1971 Hason Graham, NFL wide receiver (NE Patriots)
  • 1972 Boris Mironov, NHL defenseman (Team Russia Olympic silver 1998, Edmonton), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1972 Chris Ball, kayak (alt-Olympics 1996), born in Costa Mesa, California
  • 1972 Kristen Anderson-Lopez, American songwriter (Frozen), born in New York City
  • 1972 Large Professor [William Mitchell], American hip hop artist (Main Source), born in New York City
  • 1972 Chris Candido, American professional wrestler, born in Edison, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • 1973 Larry Bowie, running back (Washington Redskins)
  • 1973 Ananda Lewis, American model and television personality
  • 1973 Stuart Nethercott, English footballer
  • 1973 Jerry Supiran, American actor
  • 1974 Laura Allen, American actress
  • 1974 Jose Clayton, Tunisian footballer
  • 1975 Vitaly Potapenko, NBA center (Cleveland Cavaliers)
  • 1975 Mark Williams, Welsh snooker player
  • 1978 Charmaine Dragun, Australian news anchor (d.2007)
  • 1978 Kevin Federline, American dancer/hip hop artist
  • 1978 Cristian Guzmán, Dominican baseball player
  • 1978 Rani Mukherjee, Indian actress
  • 1980 Ronaldinho Gaucho, Brazilian international footballer
  • 1980 Marit Bjørgen, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1980 Deryck Whibley, Canadian guitarist and singer (Sum41)
  • 1982 Colin Turkington, British racing driver
  • 1982 Aaron Hill, American baseball player
  • 1984 Franck Perera, Montpellier France, racing car driver

Deaths

    • 630 Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem
    • 717 Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid
    • 1188 Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku
    • 1349 Between 100 and 3,000 Jews are killed in Black Death riots in Efurt, Germany
    • 1413 Henry of Monmouth, Prince of Wales, becomes King Henry V of England
    • 1681 3rd Exclusion Parliament meets in London
    • 1702 Queen Anne addresses English parliament
    • 1788 Fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans, Louisiana
    • 1788 Olaudah Equiano (aka Gustavus Vassa), a freed slave, petitions King George III and Queen Charlotte, to free enslaved Africans
    • 1791 Captain Hopley Yeaton becomes 1st commissioned officer in the Revenue Marine, later the Revenue Cutter Service, the forerunner of the modern US Coast Guard
    • 1804 Napoleonic Code adopted in France, stresses clearly written and accessible law
    • 1821 First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
    • 1824 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses
    • 1844 Origin of Baha'i Era-Baha'i calendar starts here (Baha 1, 1)
    • 1844 The original date predicted by William Miller of Massachusetts for the return of Christ and the end of the world
    • 1859 Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh
    • 1859 Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated
    • 1860 US extradition treaty with Sweden
    • 1863 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
    • 1864 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
    • 1865 Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman
    • 1866 US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
    • 1868 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC
    • 1871 33rd Grand National: Irish 1868 winner The Lamb claims second GN at 11/2; ridden by Tommy Pickernell
    • 1872 34th Grand National: John Page wins his second GN aboard 20/1 shot Casse Tete
    • 1885 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
    • 1888 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
    • 1890 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
    • 1899 British & French accord over West Africa
    • 1902 64th Grand National: David Read aboard 20/1 chance Shannon Lass wins by 3 lengths from Matthew
    • 1907 US sends troops to Honduras to halt the Nicaraguan army takeover
    • 1909 Moran & MacFarland (US) wins Europe's 1st 6 day bicycle race (Berlin)
    • 1909 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
    • 1913 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400
    • 1914 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
    • 1914 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
    • 1916 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
    • 1917 Loretta Walsh becomes US Navy's 1st female Petty Officer
    • 1918 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
    • 1921 Walter Kerr Theater (Ritz, CBS, NBC, ABC) opens at 223 W 48th St NYC
    • 1922 KGW-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
    • 1923 US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition
    • 1924 1st foreign language course broadcast on US radio (WJZ, NYC)
    • 1924 Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US
    • 1925 Edinburgh's Murreyfield Stadium officially opens
    • 1925 Iran adopts Khorshidi solar Hijri calendar
    • 1925 Tennessee governor Austin Peay passes the "Butler Act," making Tennessee the 1st state to outlaw teaching theory of evolution (repealed 1967)
    • 1925 The Butler Act, a Tennessee statute, is enacted prohibiting the teaching of evolution
    • 1927 Guomindang Army conquers Shanghai as British marines flee
    • 1931 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
    • 1931 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
    • 1931 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
    • 1934 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
    • 1935 Jean Anouilh's "Y avait un presonnier" premieres in Paris
    • 1935 Persia is officially renamed Iran
    • 1937 Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
    • 1939 Nazi Germany demands the return of Danzig (Gdańsk) from Poland
    • 1942 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
    • 1943 Assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler fails
    • 1943 Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.
    • 1945 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
    • 1945 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
    • 1945 Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
    • 1946 Kenny Washington signs with Rams, 1st black NFLer since 1933
    • 1946 UN set up temporary HQ at Hunter (now Lehman) College (Bronx)
    • 1947 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgens radiatur
    • 1947 Test Cricket debut of Bert Sutcliffe, NZ v England at Christchurch
    • 1948 "Stop the Music" with Bert Parks premieres on ABC radio
    • 1949 WTVJ TV channel 4 in Miami, FL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
    • 1951 2,900,000 US soldiers in Korea
    • 1952 "3 Wishes for Jamie" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 94 performances
    • 1952 -22] Tornadoes in Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Mississippi, Alabama and Kentucky cause 343 deaths
    • 1952 Alan Freed presents Moondog Coronation Ball at old Cleveland Arena, 25,000 attend 1st rock & roll concert ever
    • 1953 NBA record 106 fouls & 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse)
    • 1953 England beats Scotland, 26-8 at Twickenham, London to clinch their 14th Five Nations Rugby Championship
    • 1954 KFBB TV channel 5 in Great Falls, MT (ABC/CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
    • 1955 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desires Cyprus to join Greece
    • 1955 Brooklyn Bulletin ask Dodger fans not to call their team "Bums"
    • 1958 1st presentation of West Point's Sylvanus Thayer Award
    • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
    • 1959 "Juno" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 16 performances
    • 1959 21st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: California beats W Va 71-70
    • 1959 113th Grand National: Michael Scudamore wins aboard 8/1 second favourite Oxo; only 4 of 32 starters finish the race
    • 1960 Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 72 in South Africa & outlaws ANC
    • 1961 Art Modell purchases Cleveland Browns for then record ($3,925,000)
    • 1961 The Beatles' first appearance at the Cavern Club in Liverpool
    • 1962 Yogi the bear becomes the 1st creature to be ejected at supersonic speeds by the US military testing ejection seats
    • 1962 Dutch RC bishop Beckers declares himself in favor of birth control
    • 1962 Philadelphia retires pitcher Robin Roberts' # 36
    • 1963 Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay is closed
    • 1963 David Hendon & Douglas Cross' musical premieres in London
    • 1964 26th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Duke 98-83
    • 1964 Beatles' single "She Loves You" goes #1 in the US & stays #1 for 2 weeks
    • 1964 UCLA completes undefeated NCAA basketball season (30-0)
    • 1964 118th Grand National: Willie Robinson aboard American-owned 12-year-old Team Spirit wins at odds of 18/1
    • 1964 9th Eurovision Song Contest: Gigliola Cinquetti for Italy wins singing "Non ho l'eta" in Copenhagen
    • 1964 Wales draws 11-11 with France in Cardiff, whilst Scotland beats England, 15-6 at Murrayfield to leave the Five Nations Rugby Championship shared by Wales and Scotland on 6 competition points
    • 1965 US Ranger 9 launched; takes 5,814 pictures before lunar impact
    • 1966 US Supreme Court reverses Massachusetts ruling that "Fanny Hill" is obscene
    • 1968 "Royals" chosen as the name of new KC AL franchise
    • 1968 Hill, Hawkins & Coghill's musical premieres in London
    • 1968 Israeli forces cross Jordan River to attack PLO bases
    • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    • 1970 32nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Jacksonville 80-69
    • 1970 Vinko Bogataj crashes during a ski-jumping championship in Germany; his image becomes that of the "agony of defeat guy" in the opening credits of ABC's Wide World of Sports.
    • 1970 1st San Diego Comic-Con International opens at U.S. Grant Hotel
    • 1970 15th Eurovision Song Contest: Dana for Ireland wins singing "All Kinds of Everything" in Amsterdam
    • 1971 Gavaskar scores 1st of his 34 Test Cricket tons, 116 at Georgetown
    • 1971 Vermont seasonal snowfall totals 132.2"
    • 1971 WCPB TV channel 28 in Salisbury, MD (PBS) begins broadcasting
    • 1972 US Supreme Court rules states can't require 1-yr residency to vote
    • 1974 Attempt made to kidnap Princess Anne in London's Pall Mall
    • 1975 Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years
    • 1978 Padres fire Al Dark (2nd manager ever fired during spring training)
    • 1978 San Francisco passes its and the U.S.' most comprehensive homosexual rights bill
    • 1979 Egyptian Parliament unanimously approve peace treaty with Israel
    • 1980 On TV show "Dallas", J.R. is shot
    • 1981 France beats England 16-12 at Twickenham, London for it's 7th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship and 3rd Grand Slam title
    • 1982 "Little Johnny Jones" opens & closes at Alvin Theater NYC
    • 1982 Jerry Pate celebrates golf win by jumping into the water hazard
    • 1982 Movie "Annie" directed by John Huston, starring Aileen Quinn, Albert Finney and Carol Burnett premieres
    • 1982 PGA Tournament Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Jerry Pate shoots a final round 67 to win by 2 strokes over runners-up Scott Simpson and Brad Bryant
    • 1983 Only known typo on Time Magazine cover (control=contol), all recalled
    • 1984 Border scores 100* v WI Trinidad after 98* in 1st cricket innings
    • 1984 NFL owners passed the infamous anti-celebrating rule
    • 1984 Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan
    • 1985 Bloodbath at Langa (Uitenhage) South-Africa, 19 killed
    • 1986 199.22 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
    • 1986 Kania skates ladies world record 500 m (39.52 sec) & 3 km (4:18.02)
    • 1986 Pittsburgh Associates buy Pittsburgh Pirates for $218 million
    • 1987 PSV sells soccer player Ruud Gullit to AC Milan (Ÿ17 million)
    • 1987 France beats Ireland, 19-13 at Lansdowne Road, Dublin the clinch the outright Five Nations Rugby Championship for the 8th time and 4th Grand Slam title
    • 1989 1st sea test of Trident 2 missile self-destructs, Cape Canaveral, Florida
    • 1990 "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 149 performances
    • 1990 "Normal Life" starring Moon Unit & Dweezil Zappa premieres on CBS-TV
    • 1990 "Sydney" starring Valerie Bertinelli premieres on CBS-TV
    • 1990 Namibia becomes independent of South Africa, Sam Nujoma becomes president
    • 1991 27 lost at sea when 2 US Navy anti-submarine planes collide
    • 1991 Largest wrestling crowd in Japan (64,500) at Tokyo Dome
    • 1991 Tatsumi Fujinami beats Ric Flair for NWA wrestling championship
    • 1991 UN Security Council panel decided to lift the food embargo on Iraq
    • 1992 2nd WLAF season begins
    • 1992 Pakistan scores 6-264 to overhaul NZ in exciting World Cup semi
    • 1993 South Africa White Wolves kill 5 year old black girl
    • 1994 Anne P Sidamon-Eristoff named chairwoman of Museum of National History
    • 1994 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) enters into force after being ratified by the required number of nations
    • 1995 NYC agrees to sell its 2 owned radio stations (WNYC AM & FM)
    • 1996 "Night of the Iguana" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 68 performances
    • 1997 Ice Dance Championship in Lausanne, Switzerland won by Oksana Grishuk & Evgeny Platov (Rus)
    • 1999 Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.
    • 2000 NSYNC release their 4th studio album “No Strings Attached” (2000 Billboard Album of the Year)
    • 2002 In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
    • 2002 Schoolgirl Amanda Dowler is abducted in broad daylight on her way home from Heathside School in Walton-on-Thames, England
    • 2004 In Malaysia, the 11th Federal and State elections are held, returning the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional to power with an increased majority.
    • 2006 Immigrant workers constructing the Burj Dubayy in Dubai, The United Arab Emirates and a new terminal of Dubai International Airport join together and riot, causing $1M in damage.
    • 2009 Ireland completes a Grand Slam with a 17-15 win over Wales at Millennium Stadium, Cardiff to win the Six Nations Rugby Championship
    • 2012 Five former Guatemalan paramilitaries are sentenced to 7,710 years in jail for their role in the Plan de Sanchez massacre in 1982
    • 2012 Greek Parliament votes in favour of an international bailout deal
    • 2012 Sergio Agüero & Samir Nasri score to give Manchester City 2-1 win over Chelsea at City of Manchester Stadium; EPL record 20th consecutive home win; streak ends with 3-3 draw v Sunderland 31/3
    • 2013 12 people are killed and 30 are injured by a car bombing in Peshawar, Pakistan
    • 2013 42 people are killed and 84 are injured by a bombing in a mosque in Damascus, Syria
    • 2013 At least 45 people drown and 60 are missing after a Nigerian boat sinks off the shore of Gabon
    • 2013 24 people are killed and 100 are injured by a tornado and hail storm in southern China
    • 2013 A barter dispute loses control and results in 10 people being killed, 20 injured, and 4 mosques being burnt to the ground in Myanmar
    • 2013 The European Space Agency reveals new data that indicates that the universe is 13.82 billion years old
    • 2013 Martin Gould defeats Ali Carter to win the snooker 2013 Championship League
    • 2014 Russia formally annexes Crimea amid international condemenation
    • 2015 Ireland retains Six Nations Rugby Championship with 40-10 win over Scotland at Murrayfield; England needs 26 point win over France for title but can only beat Les Bleus, 55-35 at Twickenham
    • 2017 Singer Wyclef Jean wrongly identified as a suspect, handcuffed and detained by LA county sheriff’s department
    • 2018 Nigerian government confirms 101 out of 110 schoolgirls kidnapped from Dapchi returned
    • 2018 English TV presenter Ant McPartlin charged with drink driving following an accident in London
    • 2018 African trade deal agreed by 44 African countries in Kigali, Rwanda
    • 2018 Peru's President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski offers his resignation amid vote-buying scandal
    • 2018 Palestinian teenager Ahed Tamimi accepts plea deal for 8 months in prison after slapping Israeli officer
    • 2018 Suicide bomber kills 31 in crowd celebrating Persian New Year in Kabul, Afghanistan